Dje ishte ne te tre networks, po ajken do e kesh sot gjithe diten ne keto MSNBC, FOX, CNN patjeter.
Sidoqofte une po vendos tre artikuj qe jane sot ne "THE BOSTON GLOBE", i pari eshte nga faqja 1 qe perben edhe lajmin kryesor, e dyta eshte nje analize ndersa ne fund nje editorial. Shpresoj te interesuarit te gjejne pak me shume info keshtu.
Bush calls for US to cut oil reliance
Modest domestic goals mark State of Union
By Michael Kranish, Globe Staff | February 1, 2006
WASHINGTON -- Saying ''America is addicted to oil," President Bush used his State of the Union address last night to call for reducing America's dependence on Middle Eastern oil by 75 percent by the year 2025. Bush also laid out a relatively modest domestic agenda of providing federal help on healthcare and education, and vowed to remain vigilant against the ''enemies of freedom" around the world.
In contrast to last year's bold but failed call to overhaul Social Security, Bush last night touted initiatives that seemed designed to win support from Democrats as well as Republicans. He called for an ''American Competitiveness Initiative," which would provide federal funds to train 70,000 high school math and science teachers, and for establishing a permanent research-and-development tax credit.
While Bush has previously unveiled many of the energy proposals he made last night, he offered a new initiative that he said would boost federal spending on clean-energy research by 22 percent. The government has spent $10 billion on such research since 2001, Bush said.
By setting a 19-year goal of slashing Middle Eastern oil consumption, Bush followed in the tradition of several presidents who have called for ending such dependence. Bush's term ends in January 2009.
Still, the significance of Bush's focus on energy may have been the spectacle of the former Texas oilman, who has backed many tax breaks and benefits for the oil and gas industry, telling a packed House chamber and a national television audience that America can ''break through this addiction" to oil. The president touted programs for nuclear power, hydrogen-powered cars, clean-coal technology, and a corn-based replacement for gasoline.
''By applying the talent and technology of America, this country can dramatically improve our environment, move beyond a petroleum-based economy, and make our dependence on Middle Eastern oil a thing of the past," Bush said.
Governor Tim Kaine of Virginia, delivering the official Democratic response, said his party has ''a better way" to address many of the nation's problems, such as calling on oil companies ''to share in our sacrifice and return some of their record-breaking excess profits." Bush did not mention that issue in his speech.
Anna Aurilio, spokeswoman for the Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group, said last night that Bush's goal of drastically reducing Middle Eastern oil imports was ''absolutely doable if [he] picked up a pen and required the auto industry to use existing technology to increase gas mileage." She said the United States imports about 60 percent of its oil, of which about 20 percent comes from Middle Eastern countries.
Bush has resisted forcing carmakers to increase fuel efficiency. The White House said the president could meet the energy independence goal by using alternative energy measures he mentioned last night.
The president's energy themes didn't mention opening the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil exploration -- a pet proposal that has failed to clear Congress.
Bush shed much of the brash style he brought to the podium last year, when he was fresh off his reelection victory and called for a Social Security overhaul. When Bush last night acknowledged the failure of his plan to create Social Security private savings accounts, the chamber erupted in cheers -- an applause line the White House may not have anticipated. Bush last night tried a different tactic: asking Republicans and Democrats to create a bipartisan commission that will come up with a proposal.
''We need to put aside partisan politics, work together, and get this problem solved," Bush said.
In his 2005 address, Bush said he hoped that democratic elections in Iraq, and US aid to Palestinians, would inspire reformers in Iran and promote peace in the Middle East. But Iranians elected Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president, and Palestinians put the radical Hamas party in power; both Ahmadinejad and Hamas have called for the destruction of Israel.
Bush, a supporter of Israel, said last night that elections ''are vital -- but they are only the beginning. Raising up a democracy requires the rule of law, protection of minorities, and strong, accountable institutions that last longer than a single vote."
Iran, the president said, is ''a nation now held hostage by a small clerical elite that is isolating and repressing its people." He then delivered a message to the Iranian people: ''America respects you, and we respect your country. We respect your right to choose your own future and win your own freedom. And our nation hopes one day to be the closest of friends with a free and democratic Iran."
As for Hamas, Bush said, the Palestinian people ''have voted in elections -- now the leaders of Hamas must recognize Israel, disarm, reject terrorism, and work for lasting peace."
Last Sunday, Bush said he would cut off US aid to Hamas unless it abandons its platform of destroying Israel.
Bush warned that ''our country must also remain on the offensive against terrorism here at home." Continued violence in Iraq notwithstanding, Bush said the United States has a ''clear plan for victory," centered on training Iraqi forces and tracking down insurgents. He again denounced those calling for a ''sudden withdrawal of our forces."
As he has done in recent weeks, the president again defended his approval of a top-secret program that eavesdropped on telephone calls and e-mail communication between people in the United States and in foreign nations involving possible terrorism.
The president's $5.9 billion proposal for an annual American Competitiveness Initiative is similar to pending legislation known as PACE, for Preserving America's Competitive Edge, which has strong support from both parties and is being pushed by many business groups. Along with making the research tax credit permanent, it would set aside more tax dollars to train 70,000 high school science and math teachers, and encourage 30,000 math and science professionals to become adjunct teachers.
''The American economy is preeminent -- but we cannot afford to be complacent," Bush said. ''In a dynamic world economy, we are seeing new competitors like China and India."
Bush renewed his call for making permanent his tax cuts, which are set to expire in 2010.
With 46 million Americans lacking health insurance, and as others face skyrocketing costs in their coverage, Bush renewed his call for healthcare tax breaks. He called for an expansion of the deductibility of out-of-pocket medical expenses, and tax breaks for people who have high deductibles in their insurance policies. He also called for renewal of legislation known as the Ryan White Act designed to help treat people with AIDS.
''Our government has a responsibility to help provide healthcare for the poor and the elderly, and we are meeting that responsibility," Bush said. ''For all Americans, we must confront the rising cost of care . . . and help people afford the insurance coverage they need."
Bush delivered the speech at one of the lowest political points of his presidency, according to a Gallup Poll. The war in Iraq, the handling of Hurricane Katrina disaster relief, and high gasoline prices have all contributed to drag down his approval rating to 43 percent, compared with 51 percent last year.
A public opinion poll released last week showed just 35 percent of those surveyed said they were satisfied with the direction of the country -- the lowest rating in a decade. Bush got stronger marks for his handling of terrorism, with 52 percent approving.
With Republicans narrowly controlling the House and Senate, Bush's speech served as a warm-up for this year's midterm elections.
''In this decisive year, you and I will make choices that determine both the future and the character of our country," the president said. The Gallup Poll found that 49 percent of those surveyed would back a generic Democratic congressional candidate, compared with 43 percent who would support a Republican.
In reach for middle ground, Bush echoes Bill Clinton
By Peter S. Canellos, Globe Staff | February 1, 2006
WASHINGTON -- After a resolute defense of his plan for victory in Iraq and his spying program, President Bush last night delivered a speech that Bill Clinton would have been proud to give, embracing the global economy and emphasizing progressive action.
The echoes of Clinton were no accident: Bush seemed determined to address his own political problems by adopting some of the centrist themes of the 1990s and his own ''compassionate conservative" campaign of 2000.
His calls for new investments in education and social initiatives had an explicitly bipartisan appeal. He dropped last year's demand to privatize part of Social Security and called only for ''bipartisan answers" on entitlement spending.
By explicitly staking out a conciliatory middle ground on domestic issues, Bush was able to take some of the bite off his much more conservative stances on social issues and national security -- stances that were very much in evidence last night and have won him the dogged loyalty of voters on the right. But his overall approval rating remains at or below 40 percent in many polls, and at least half of the speech was aimed at wooing moderates.
''To confront the great issues before us, we must act in a spirit of good will and respect for one another -- and I will do my part," he said early in the speech, in a veiled concession to critics who have found him too divisive.
Bush's vehicle for domestic unity is the same one identified by Clinton in the early '90s -- the need for America to keep everyone well educated and trained in order for the United States to compete in the global economy.
''We will choose to build our prosperity by leading the world economy -- or shut ourselves off from trade and opportunity," Bush declared. ''In a complex and challenging time, the road of isolationism and protectionism may seem broad and inviting -- yet it ends in danger and decline."
Bush also renewed his proposal for a guest-worker program to ease illegal immigration along the border with Mexico, knowing that most of its critics are among his own supporters on the right. He avoided the fact that such a program might also help illegal workers remain in the country, saying only that it ''allows temporary jobs for people who seek them legally."
While his rhetoric was carefully couched, Bush's speech last night represented his first major attempt to fuse his vision of an activist foreign policy, seeking to topple tyrants and promote democracy, with an economic program that recognizes the importance of international trade and leadership.
Such a move will inevitably risk some anger in his conservative ''base," which is skeptical of immigration and concerned that moves to embrace the international economy could weaken American hegemony. But Bush has never fully embraced the conservative line on domestic issues, except tax cuts. And while his willingness to use the military in the war on terrorism has been applauded by the right, his idealistic desire to defeat terrorism by offering ''the hopeful alternative of political freedom and peaceful change," as he put it last night, is met with far more skepticism.
Last night, on the domestic front at least, Bush seemed to accept the risk of alienating some conservatives in hopes of peeling off more moderate supporters.
Bush offered an energy plan straight from the Democratic playbook, albeit with his own recipe for alternative-fuel granola: ''We will also fund additional research in cutting-edge methods of producing ethanol, not just from corn but from wood chips, stalks, or switch grass."
There was even an expression of kinship with Bill Clinton himself.
''This year, the first of about 78 million baby boomers turn 60, including two of my dad's favorite people -- me and President Bill Clinton," Bush quipped.
The audience on both sides of the aisle laughed and smiled, just as Bush clearly intended.
TUESDAY WAS a day of transition in Washington, with big changes at the Supreme Court and the Federal Reserve. President Bush was also looking for a fresh start last night as he declared that he would ''lead this world toward freedom" abroad and establish ''a hopeful society" at home. But his efforts to inject campaign-style fervor into his State of the Union Address will do little good unless they are matched by sensible policies that are more marketable than the ones he advanced last year.
He said last night that ''America is addicted to oil," without mentioning Exxon's just-announced $36 billion profit or the fact that his administration's energy policy was practically written by the oil industry. And his emphasis on renewable energy sources was welcome, but raising cars' gas mileage can be accomplished with existing technology, if there is a will. And Bush again ignored global warming.
''The hopeful alternative of political freedom" Bush offered as one antidote to terrorism, echoing the central rationale for US policy in the Mideast since the Iraqi weapons of mass destruction were not found. But exporting democracy has proved difficult in Iraq, and the risks became all too obvious with the Hamas landslide in Palestinian elections.
Bush also focused on healthcare, recommending expanded use of health savings accounts, high-deductible plans that would allow individuals to save for medical costs in tax-free accounts. But the idea has proved no more palatable than the partial privatization of Social Security that Bush rode to its death last year. Even if more people signed up, it would do little to expand coverage. Bush claimed last night that government is ''meeting [its] responsibility" to help provide health care to the poor and the elderly, forgetting the uncovered working poor, whose numbers have increased steadily during his tenure.
''The American economy is preeminent" in the world, he said, ignoring the huge budget and trade deficits that make the nation increasingly beholden to China and other foreign powers.
''Our educated, hard-working, ambitious people" give the United States its greatest global advantage, Bush said last night, but in fact he is squeezing college loans and has underfunded the No Child Left Behind law so deeply that governors of both parties are protesting.
At a White House press conference last week, Bush said he was looking forward to one last national campaign -- the midterm congressional elections this year. ''As you know, I like to get out and tell people what's on my mind," he said.
But Bush has a lot of transitioning to do if he is to reverse the past year's record of missteps and unhappy surprises. This year, he might do well to listen as much as he talks.
Kjo nuk do te thote dorheqje, sepse vartesia e ShBA nga keto vende per vaj eshte ende teper e madhe. Megjithate, eshte nje levizje e mirpritur, qe e majta amerikane ka kohe qe e trumpeton...ishte dhe njera nga pikat kyce te John Kerry-t gjate fushates me 2004...
Amerika ka vendosur te shfrytezoje burime te reja energjie dhe jo me naften qe vjen nga lindja e mesme. Do te thote qe te pakten energjikisht do te rekithehet ne ate gjendjen e vet te pergjumur qe kishte para luftes se pare boterore. Ku ShBA ploteson nevojat e veta per energji. Kjo i kursen shume kokecarje popullit dhe politikes amerikane.